What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is the process in which gum and/or bone that supports the teeth is lost. If left untreated, this disease can lead to abscesses, infections and even tooth loss. Periodontal disease is mainly caused by specific bacteria in the mouth; however, genetics and other influencing factors such as bodily diseases, hormones, and smoking also play significant roles in its development. It is important to note that most people are unaware that they suffer from periodontal disease, because it can be present without pain or swelling.
In general, periodontal disease can be broken down into gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis includes inflammation and bleeding of the gums but no loss of tooth-supporting bone, whereas periodontitis includes the loss of tooth-supporting bone.
How is periodontal disease treated?
Treating periodontal disease includes lowering the amount of the disease-causing bacteria in the mouth and addressing any other influencing factors. Treatment may include oral hygiene education, increased frequency of dental cleanings, antibiotics, surgery, and reducing the influence of other potential diseases (eg. diabetes) and influencing factors (eg. smoking) affecting the patient.
Other oral tissue disorders
Dr. Karastathis has specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases of the mouth, outside of periodontal disease. When you come for your visit, an extensive medical history will be obtained and a detailed oral examination will be completed. Dr. Karastathis will then work together with you and your other health care providers to help treat your condition.